Nim Standard Library

Author: Andreas Rumpf
Version: 0.11.2

"The good thing about reinventing the wheel is that you can get a round one."

Though the Nim Standard Library is still evolving, it is already quite usable. It is divided into pure libraries, impure libraries and wrappers.

Pure libraries do not depend on any external *.dll or lib*.so binary while impure libraries do. A wrapper is an impure library that is a very low-level interface to a C library.

Read this document for a quick overview of the API design.

The bottom of this page includes a list of 3rd party packages created by the Nim community. These packages are a useful addition to the modules in the standard library.

Pure libraries

Core

  • system Basic procs and operators that every program needs. It also provides IO facilities for reading and writing text and binary files. It is imported implicitly by the compiler. Do not import it directly. It relies on compiler magic to work.
  • unsigned This module implements basic arithmetic operators for unsigned integers. To discourage users from using unsigned integers, it's not part of system, but an extra import.
  • threads Nim thread support. Note: This is part of the system module. Do not import it explicitly.
  • channels Nim message passing support for threads. Note: This is part of the system module. Do not import it explicitly.
  • locks Locks and condition variables for Nim.
  • macros Contains the AST API and documentation of Nim for writing macros.
  • typeinfo Provides (unsafe) access to Nim's run time type information.
  • typetraits This module defines compile-time reflection procs for working with types.
  • threadpool Implements Nim's spawn.
  • cpuinfo This module implements procs to determine the number of CPUs / cores.

Collections and algorithms

  • algorithm Implements some common generic algorithms like sort or binary search.
  • tables Nim hash table support. Contains tables, ordered tables and count tables.
  • sets Nim hash and bit set support.
  • lists Nim linked list support. Contains singly and doubly linked lists and circular lists ("rings").
  • queues Implementation of a queue. The underlying implementation uses a seq.
  • intsets Efficient implementation of a set of ints as a sparse bit set.
  • critbits This module implements a crit bit tree which is an efficient container for a set or a mapping of strings.
  • sequtils This module implements operations for the built-in seq type which were inspired by functional programming languages.

String handling

  • strutils This module contains common string handling operations like changing case of a string, splitting a string into substrings, searching for substrings, replacing substrings.
  • parseutils This module contains helpers for parsing tokens, numbers, identifiers, etc.
  • strtabs The strtabs module implements an efficient hash table that is a mapping from strings to strings. Supports a case-sensitive, case-insensitive and style-insensitive mode. An efficient string substitution operator % for the string table is also provided.
  • unicode This module provides support to handle the Unicode UTF-8 encoding.
  • encodings Converts between different character encodings. On UNIX, this uses the iconv library, on Windows the Windows API.
  • pegs This module contains procedures and operators for handling PEGs.
  • ropes This module contains support for a rope data type. Ropes can represent very long strings efficiently; especially concatenation is done in O(1) instead of O(n).
  • unidecode This module provides Unicode to ASCII transliterations: It finds the sequence of ASCII characters that is the closest approximation to the Unicode string.
  • matchers This module contains various string matchers for email addresses, etc.
  • subexes This module implements advanted string substitution operations.

Generic Operating System Services

  • os Basic operating system facilities like retrieving environment variables, reading command line arguments, working with directories, running shell commands, etc.
  • osproc Module for process communication beyond os.execShellCmd.
  • times The times module contains basic support for working with time.
  • dynlib This module implements the ability to access symbols from shared libraries.
  • streams This module provides a stream interface and two implementations thereof: the FileStream and the StringStream which implement the stream interface for Nim file objects (File) and strings. Other modules may provide other implementations for this standard stream interface.
  • marshal Contains procs for serialization and deseralization of arbitrary Nim data structures.
  • terminal This module contains a few procedures to control the terminal (also called console). The implementation simply uses ANSI escape sequences and does not depend on any other module.
  • memfiles This module provides support for memory mapped files (Posix's mmap) on the different operating systems.
  • fsmonitor This module implements the ability to monitor a directory/file for changes using Posix's inotify API.
  • asyncfile This module implements asynchronous file reading and writing using asyncdispatch.

Math libraries

  • math Mathematical operations like cosine, square root.
  • complex This module implements complex numbers and their mathematical operations.
  • rationals This module implements rational numbers and their mathematical operations.
  • fenv Floating-point environment. Handling of floating-point rounding and exceptions (overflow, zero-devide, etc.).
  • basic2d Basic 2d support with vectors, points, matrices and some basic utilities.
  • basic3d Basic 3d support with vectors, points, matrices and some basic utilities.

Internet Protocols and Support

  • cgi This module implements helpers for CGI applications.
  • scgi This module implements helpers for SCGI applications.
  • sockets This module implements a simple portable type-safe sockets layer.
  • asyncio This module implements an asynchronous event loop for sockets.
  • browsers This module implements procs for opening URLs with the user's default browser.
  • httpserver This module implements a simple HTTP server.
  • httpclient This module implements a simple HTTP client.
  • smtp This module implement a simple SMTP client.
  • ftpclient This module implements an FTP client.
  • cookies This module contains helper procs for parsing and generating cookies.
  • mimetypes This module implements a mimetypes database.
  • uri This module provides functions for working with URIs.
  • asyncdispatch This module implements an asynchronous dispatcher for IO operations.

    Note: This module is still largely experimental.

  • asyncnet This module implements asynchronous sockets based on the asyncdispatch module.

    Note: This module is still largely experimental.

  • asynchttpserver This module implements an asynchronous HTTP server using the asyncnet module.

    Note: This module is still largely experimental.

  • net This module implements a high-level sockets API. It will replace the sockets module in the future.
  • rawsockets This module implements a low-level sockets API.
  • selectors This module implements a selector API with backends specific to each OS. Currently epoll on Linux and select on other operating systems.

Parsers

  • parseopt The parseopt module implements a command line option parser. Deprecated since version 0.9.3: Use the parseopt2 module instead.
  • parseopt2 The parseopt2 module implements a command line option parser. This supports long and short command options with optional values and command line arguments.
  • parsecfg The parsecfg module implements a high performance configuration file parser. The configuration file's syntax is similar to the Windows .ini format, but much more powerful, as it is not a line based parser. String literals, raw string literals and triple quote string literals are supported as in the Nim programming language.
  • parsexml The parsexml module implements a simple high performance XML/HTML parser. The only encoding that is supported is UTF-8. The parser has been designed to be somewhat error correcting, so that even some "wild HTML" found on the Web can be parsed with it.
  • parsecsv The parsecsv module implements a simple high performance CSV parser.
  • parsesql The parsesql module implements a simple high performance SQL parser.
  • json High performance JSON parser.
  • lexbase This is a low level module that implements an extremely efficient buffering scheme for lexers and parsers. This is used by the diverse parsing modules.
  • highlite Source highlighter for programming or markup languages. Currently only few languages are supported, other languages may be added. The interface supports one language nested in another.
  • rst This module implements a reStructuredText parser. A large subset is implemented. Some features of the markdown wiki syntax are also supported.
  • rstast This module implements an AST for the reStructuredText parser.
  • rstgen This module implements a generator of HTML/Latex from reStructuredText.

XML Processing

  • xmldom This module implements the XML DOM Level 2.
  • xmldomparser This module parses an XML Document into a XML DOM Document representation.
  • xmltree A simple XML tree. More efficient and simpler than the DOM. It also contains a macro for XML/HTML code generation.
  • xmlparser This module parses an XML document and creates its XML tree representation.
  • htmlparser This module parses an HTML document and creates its XML tree representation.
  • htmlgen This module implements a simple XML and HTML code generator. Each commonly used HTML tag has a corresponding macro that generates a string with its HTML representation.

Cryptography and Hashing

  • hashes This module implements efficient computations of hash values for diverse Nim types.
  • md5 This module implements the MD5 checksum algorithm.
  • base64 This module implements a base64 encoder and decoder.

Multimedia support

  • colors This module implements color handling for Nim. It is used by the graphics module.

Miscellaneous

  • events This module implements an event system that is not dependent on external graphical toolkits.
  • oids An OID is a global ID that consists of a timestamp, a unique counter and a random value. This combination should suffice to produce a globally distributed unique ID. This implementation was extracted from the Mongodb interface and it thus binary compatible with a Mongo OID.
  • endians This module contains helpers that deal with different byte orders.
  • logging This module implements a simple logger.
  • future This module implements new experimental features. Currently the syntax sugar for anonymous procedures.

Database support

  • redis This module implements a redis client. It allows you to connect to a redis-server instance, send commands and receive replies.

Modules for JS backend

  • dom Declaration of the Document Object Model for the JS backend.

Impure libraries

Regular expressions

  • re This module contains procedures and operators for handling regular expressions. The current implementation uses PCRE.

Database support

  • db_postgres A higher level PostgreSQL database wrapper. The same interface is implemented for other databases too.
  • db_mysql A higher level MySQL database wrapper. The same interface is implemented for other databases too.
  • db_sqlite A higher level SQLite database wrapper. The same interface is implemented for other databases too.

Other

  • graphics This module implements graphical output for Nim; the current implementation uses SDL but the interface is meant to support multiple backends some day.
  • dialogs This module implements portable dialogs for Nim; the implementation builds on the GTK interface. On Windows, native dialogs are shown if appropriate.
  • zipfiles This module implements a zip archive creator/reader/modifier.
  • ssl This module provides an easy to use sockets-style Nim interface to the OpenSSL library.
  • rdstdin This module contains code for reading from stdin. On UNIX the GNU readline library is wrapped and set up.

Wrappers

The generated HTML for some of these wrappers is so huge that it is not contained in the distribution. You can then find them on the website.

Windows specific

  • windows Contains a wrapper for the Win32 API.
  • winlean Contains a wrapper for a small subset of the Win32 API.
  • shellapi Contains a wrapper for the shellapi.h header.
  • shfolder Contains a wrapper for the shfolder.h header.
  • mmsystem Contains a wrapper for the mmsystem.h header.
  • psapi Contains a wrapper for the psapi.h header.
  • nb30 This module contains the definitions for portable NetBIOS 3.0 support.

UNIX specific

  • posix Contains a wrapper for the POSIX standard.
  • readline Part of the wrapper for the GNU readline library.
  • history Part of the wrapper for the GNU readline library.
  • rltypedefs Part of the wrapper for the GNU readline library.

Regular expressions

  • pcre Wrapper for the PCRE library.
  • tre Wrapper for the TRE library.

GUI libraries

  • iup Wrapper of the IUP GUI library.

Database support

  • postgres Contains a wrapper for the PostgreSQL API.
  • mysql Contains a wrapper for the mySQL API.
  • sqlite3 Contains a wrapper for SQLite 3 API.
  • odbcsql interface to the ODBC driver.
  • sphinx Nim wrapper for sphinx.

XML Processing

  • expat Wrapper of the expat XML parser.

Network Programming and Internet Protocols

  • libuv Wrapper for the libuv library used for async I/O programming.
  • joyent_http_parser Wrapper for the joyent's high-performance HTTP parser.
  • libcurl Wrapper for the libcurl library.
  • openssl Wrapper for OpenSSL.

Data Compression and Archiving

  • zlib Wrapper for the zlib library.
  • libzip Interface to the lib zip library by Dieter Baron and Thomas Klausner.

Scientific computing

Nimble

Nimble is a package manager for the Nim programming language. For instructions on how to install Nimble packages see its README.

Official packages

These packages are officially supported and will therefore be continually maintained to ensure that they work with the latest versions of the Nim compiler.

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Unofficial packages

These packages have been developed by independent Nim developers and as such may not always be up to date with the latest developments in the Nim programming language.

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